Bonefish (Albula vulpes) are a species of fish that are found in the shallow waters of the tropical and subtropical Atlantic Ocean, including the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. They typically spawn in shallow, inshore waters near coral reefs, mangrove forests, and other coastal habitats.
Spawning usually occurs at night, with the fish releasing their eggs and sperm into the water column. The eggs are fertilized externally and then drift with the current until they hatch into larvae.
Bonefish are known for their wide range of habitats and the ability to adapt to different environments. They can be found in a variety of shallow water habitats, including estuaries, lagoons, and flats. They are often found in areas with strong currents and high turbidity, and are known to migrate long distances in search of suitable spawning and feeding grounds.
The specific timing of bonefish spawning can vary depending on the region and the environmental conditions. In some areas, spawning may occur year-round, while in others it may be more seasonal. Factors that can influence spawning include water temperature, salinity, and availability of food.
The bonefish in the Turks and Caicos typically spawn in late spring and continue through the end of May. This mostly occurs in the deeper channels and in many cases actually offshore in deepwater ravines and cuts.